Asif M. Ilyas, MD Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery Program Director of Hand Surgery Rothman Institute, Thomas Jefferson University
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common peripheral compression neuropathy and results in symptoms of numbness and paresthesia in the thumb, index finger, middle finger, and half of the ring finger. When CTS symptoms progress and can no longer be managed with nonoperative measures, carpal tunnel release (CTR) surgery is indicated.
In this case, Dr. Asif Ilyas at the Rothman Institute performs CTR surgery on a cadaveric arm via the mini-open CTR technique. A 2-cm longitudinal incision was placed directly over the carpal tunnel, the transverse carpal ligament was exposed and then released, and the wound was closed. Patients are typically sent home with instructions to use their hand immediately postoperatively, while avoiding strenuous use until the incision has healed. Splinting and therapy are not required postoperatively.
Rockson C. Liu, MD, FACS General Surgery Epic Care Alta Bates Summit Medical Center
In this case, Dr. Rockson Liu performs a robotic eTEP retrorectus Rives-Stoppa repair of an upper midline primary ventral hernia that was partially reducible but mostly incarcerated, and greater than 6 cm in a 63-year-old female. Robotic ports were placed directly into the retrorectus space. Using the crossover technique, the retrorectus spaces were combined with a preperitoneal bridge of the peritoneum. The defects were closed robotically, and a medium-weight, macroporous polypropylene mesh was placed within the retrorectus space.
Laura Celmins, PharmD, BCPS, BCCCP Clinical Pharmacy Specialist Emergency Medicine
In this video, Laura Celmins, a clinical pharmacist in the emergency department at UChicago Medicine, discusses rapid sequence intubation (RSI) medications as part of the airway management for trauma patients.
C. Scott Brown, MD Neurotology and Lateral Skull Base Surgery Fellow University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
Fred F. Telischi, MEE, MD, FACS James R. Chandler Chair in Otolaryngology Chairman of Otolaryngology and Professor, Neurological Surgery and Biomedical Engineering University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
During the COVID-19 pandemic, viral transmission via aerosolized particles poses the risk of infecting operating room staff. In this video, Dr. Telischi at the University of Miami demonstrates one of several techniques for draping the microscope during cochlear implant surgery.
Peter Fagenholz, MD Assistant Professor of Surgery Massachusetts General Hospital Harvard Medical School
This patient is a 58-year-old male who was in a motor vehicle accident and developed a persistent necrotic collection adjacent to the pancreatic tail that did not improve with percutaneous drainage. Here, Dr. Peter Fagenholz at MGH performs a pancreatic debridement using sinus tract endoscopy (STE), a minimally-invasive technique for debridement of dead or infected tissue.
STE and other minimally-invasive techniques have significantly decreased morbidity and mortality for patients undergoing intervention for infected pancreatic necrosis. Common management principles include early non-interventional management to allow the necrosis to wall off, initial intervention with minimally-invasive drainage, and minimally-invasive necrosectomy addressing clearly demarcated necrosis.
STE involves the placement of a percutaneous drain followed by fluoroscopically-guided dilation of the drain tract to allow for placement of a working sheath, through which an endoscope can be introduced to debride the peripancreatic necrosis. After debridement, a drain is then replaced through the same tract.
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J. Corbin Norton, MD Department of Urology University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
Stephen J. Canon, MD Department of Pediatric Urology Arkansas Children’s Hospital
Amrit Singh, MD Department of Pathology University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences / Arkansas Children’s Hospital
Laura L. Hollenbach, MD Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
Georgia Gamble, MD Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
Laura A. Gonzalez-Krellwitz, MD Department of Pathology University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences / Arkansas Children’s Hospital
The patient, in this case, is a 15-year-old female who presented with primary amenorrhea and who on work-up was found to have complete androgen insensitivity syndrome. Here, Dr. Canon at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences performs a prophylactic laparoscopic bilateral gonadectomy to reduce her future risk for intra-abdominal testicular malignancies. Final pathology results showed a rare case of bilateral germ cell neoplasia in situ and bilateral paratesticular leiomyomas and reinforced the decision to intervene early allowing for the removal of the gonads prior to their conversion to formal germ cell tumors.
Michael J. Weaver, MD Associate Orthopaedic Surgeon, Brigham and Women’s Hospital Assistant Professor of Orthopedic Surgery, Harvard Medical School Brigham and Women’s Hospital
The patient in this case is an 81-year-old male with dementia who sustained an unwitnessed fall that resulted in a displaced intra-articular distal femur fracture. Here, Dr. Weaver at Brigham and Women’s Hospital repairs the fracture by performing an open reduction and internal fixation with a LISS plate. An anterolateral approach was used to visualize the joint surface and obtain an anatomic reduction of the articular surface, and a percutaneously-placed lateral lock plate was used to bridge the area of comminution while restoring length, alignment, and rotation to hopefully allow for biologic fixation that permits the bone to heal well.
AV fistulas provide the crucial vascular access required for patients receiving hemodialysis, a life-saving procedure for end-stage renal disease. Such patients have irreversible kidney damage and must receive a new kidney. While waiting, patients rely on hemodialysis to filter their blood to stay alive, and AV fistulas provide the sustainable vascular access required for hemodialysis.