Blepharoplasty for Bilateral Upper Eyelids
1Vardanants Center for Innovative Medicine
Upper blepharoplasty is one of the most commonly performed oculoplastic procedures. It is aimed at correcting the involutional changes of the upper eyelids, characterized by loose, excess eyelid skin (dermatochalasis) and preaponeurotic fat herniation (steatoblepharon) as well as some cases of ptosis. These conditions could result in functional symptoms, such as reduced visual fields, as well as cosmetic concerns and perceived body dysmorphia.
In this case, the patient underwent upper blepharoplasty for cosmetic improvement and to remove xanthomatous lesions. This article discusses and demonstrates the preoperative assessment of the patient, the preparation, the surgical technique, and possible complications.
Incision and Curettage on a Left Upper Eyelid Chalazion
1Vardanats Center for Innovative Medicine
A chalazion is a sterile granulomatous inflammation of the Meibomian or Zeiss glands. It results from the obstruction of gland orifices, which leads to accumulation of sebum in the tarsus and eyelid soft tissue. The resulting inflammation causes erythema, pain, and swelling. Patients may note a previous history of similar complaints, as well as a history of rosacea and chronic blepharitis.
Chalazion incision and curettage is a treatment of choice in unresolved chalazia or cases that do not respond to conservative treatments such as warm compress. Chalazion surgery aims to effectively drain the blocked gland and remove the inflamed tissue, providing relief to patients and restoring the natural appearance of the eyelid. This article discusses and demonstrates the preoperative assessment of the patient, the preparation, surgical procedure, and the postoperative care.
Cataract Extraction with Phacoemulsification and Posterior Chamber Intraocular Lens
Daniel J. Hu, MD
Tufts University School of Medicine
Cataract is a leading cause of treatable blindness in the world. The diagnosis is made through assessment of visual acuity, visual disability, and slit lamp biomicroscopy. In the US, the standard for cataract extraction has become phacoemulsification.
This article demonstrates and reviews the technique of cataract extraction using phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation using the divide-and-conquer technique.