The spleen is highly vascular, is the largest secondary lymphoid organ, and is the most commonly injured organ in the setting of blunt abdominal trauma. Patients may present asymptomatically or with abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, or signs of hemodynamic instability. Although many splenic injuries caused by blunt abdominal trauma may be managed conservatively, free intra-abdominal fluid with hemodynamic instability warrant surgical management in the form of exploratory laparotomy and splenectomy.
This video report demonstrates the management of a patient who was assaulted, sustaining blunt abdominal trauma and a hemodynamically significant grade IV splenic laceration. An exploratory laparotomy and splenectomy were performed.
This case illustrates a midshaft femoral fracture with an ipsilateral subtrochanteric fracture that is repaired with a retrograde femoral intramedullary nail technique. The annual incidence of midshaft femur fractures is approximately 10 per 100,000 person-years (most commonly low-energy falls in elderly females). Generally, these patients will present with pain, inflammation, and shortening of the leg.
Retrograde femoral intramedullary nail placement is one of the most prevalent methods for treatment. It was initially discovered in 1970 and refined in 1995 to have improved surgery time, bleeding, and postoperative adverse outcomes. This procedure has proven to be particularly beneficial in obese and non-ambulatory patients, and those with multisystem injuries; it also has shown some benefit in pregnant women due to decreased pelvic radiation exposure.
This case presents a woman with a femoral shaft fracture and an ipsilateral subtrochanteric fracture. Given this patient’s multiple ipsilateral femur fractures, it was favorable to intervene with a retrograde femoral intramedullary nail. The procedure was done in a supine position due to favorable imaging throughout the operation.
The goal of ankle fracture management is to restore a stable and congruent joint. Operative management is recommended for most displaced fractures, fractures with dislocations, and open fractures.
This video article walks through the surgical management of a 23-year-old male who sustained a trimalleolar ankle fracture with concomitant dislocation and syndesmotic injury following a motor vehicle collision. Dr. Weaver discusses the surgical landmarks and approaches to the ankle, the methods of fixing the malleoli and the syndesmosis, and common concerns that arise during the surgical management of ankle fractures.
Dany Accilien, MD Emergency Medicine Resident The University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine
Dexter C. Graves, MD Emergency Medicine Resident The University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine
Nicholas Ludmer, MD Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine The University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine
Stephen Estime, MD Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care The University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine
Abdullah Hasan Pratt, MD Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine The University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine
In this video, Dr. Pratt goes over airway management techniques in trauma resuscitation. It outlines the preparation and equipment used in patients with impending airway failure that require manual or mechanical ventilation. Also discussed are the innovative airway towers used in the University of Chicago emergency room as well as the general approach to airway management. The different types of laryngoscopy, assist devices, and cricothyroidotomy surgical airway procedures are also presented.
Daven Patel, MD, MPH Resident Physician Emergency Medicine
Kristin Lewis, MD, MA Resident Physician Emergency Medicine
Allyson Peterson, MD Resident Physician Emergency Medicine
Nadim Michael Hafez, MD Assistant Professor of Medicine Emergency Medicine
This video covers information related to the FAST exam, which evaluates the pericardial, hepatorenal, splenorenal, and suprapubic regions for free fluid in a trauma patient as well as the extended version, which includes an additional evaluation of the pleural spaces for a pneumothorax. It goes through probe selection, probe placement and image acquisition, image optimization, and pitfalls and pearls for the subxiphoid/subcostal, right upper quadrant, left upper quadrant, suprapubic, and pleural views.
Laura Celmins, PharmD, BCPS, BCCCP Clinical Pharmacy Specialist Emergency Medicine
In this video, Laura Celmins, a clinical pharmacist in the emergency department at UChicago Medicine, discusses rapid sequence intubation (RSI) medications as part of the airway management for trauma patients.
Michael J. Weaver, MD Associate Orthopaedic Surgeon, Brigham and Women’s Hospital Assistant Professor of Orthopedic Surgery, Harvard Medical School Brigham and Women’s Hospital
The patient in this case is an 81-year-old male with dementia who sustained an unwitnessed fall that resulted in a displaced intra-articular distal femur fracture. Here, Dr. Weaver at Brigham and Women’s Hospital repairs the fracture by performing an open reduction and internal fixation with a LISS plate. An anterolateral approach was used to visualize the joint surface and obtain an anatomic reduction of the articular surface, and a percutaneously-placed lateral lock plate was used to bridge the area of comminution while restoring length, alignment, and rotation to hopefully allow for biologic fixation that permits the bone to heal well.
Priya Prakash, MD Assistant Professor of Surgery Trauma, Critical Care, and Emergency Surgery UChicago Medicine
The patient in this case is a 17-year-old male who presented in stable condition with a minor, superficial, perforating saber wound. In this video article, Dr. Priya Prakash at UChicago Medicine demonstrates a trauma resuscitation and removes the saber.